Diabetes is a condition that affects millions of people worldwide. This lifestyle disease has many different types, requiring different treatments. In this blog post, we will explore the three types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational Diabetes. After a brief understanding of these three types, it will be easier to understand how to get freedom from diabetes. Read on.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s immune system targets and damages the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. As a result, individuals with type 1 diabetes cannot produce insulin and need insulin injections for the rest of their lives. Type 1 diabetes usually develops in childhood or adolescence but can also occur in adults.
Here are some common symptoms of this type of diabetes:
- Frequent urination- Small children might wet their bed more often than usual
- Extreme hunger and thirst
- Unexplainable weight loss
- Blurry vision and general irritability
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a common type of diabetes, accounting for 90-95% of all cases. It typically develops in adulthood but can occur in childhood if there is a family history of the condition or if a child is overweight.
This type of diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body to regulate blood glucose levels. When blood sugar levels are high, it can damage the body over time, leading to the damage of major organs such as the kidneys and heart.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:
- Increased thirst and urination
- Blurred vision
- Slow-healing wounds or infections
- Weight loss, despite increased appetite
If left untreated, type 2 diabetes can lead to serious complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and nerve damage. Treatment typically involves lifestyle changes, such as diet, exercise, and medication. Fortunately, it is possible to get temporary freedom from diabetes if the above is followed strictly.
Gestational diabetes is a type that develops during pregnancy. It typically goes away after a woman gives birth. However, women with gestational diabetes are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
There are two main types of gestational diabetes:
- Type A1: This form of gestational diabetes develops early in pregnancy. It is possible to attain freedom from this type of diabetes as it usually goes away after the baby is born.
- Type A2: This form of gestational diabetes develops later in pregnancy and often persists after the baby is born. Women with type A2 gestational diabetes are at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Gestational diabetes can cause serious health complications for both mother and child if it is not controlled. If left unmanaged, gestational diabetes can lead to high blood sugar levels in the mother, which can cross the placenta and lead to large birth weights, premature birth, and stillbirth. For the child, uncontrolled gestational diabetes can lead to low blood sugar levels
immediately after birth, jaundice, and respiratory distress syndrome.
Can Diabetes Be Reversed?
Since individuals with one of the following conditions are eager to reverse diabetes, it is
important first to know if all types of diabetes are reversible. Type 2 diabetes, which is often developed due to a sedentary lifestyle and poor life choices in terms of food, can be reversed if tackled strategically.
For instance, a diet of whole foods such as whole grains, green leafy vegetables, and plant or animal protein sources, along with a decent exercise regime, such as walking or swimming, can make a significant impact in the long run.
While it is great news for most individuals who have diabetes, those who have type 1 diabetes have to live with it for the rest of their life, as it is not possible to reverse this type of diabetes. Since it can develop early on, it can be managed at best with proper medication, diet and lifestyle changes. Furthermore, although type 2 diabetes can be reversed, it can never be cured completely. If proper habits are not followed, the blood sugar levels can become unmanageable again.
To sum it up, there are three main types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational Diabetes. Each type has different causes and risk factors. Diabetes treatment also differs depending on the type. It is crucial to know which type of diabetes one has in order to get the right treatment. Lastly, it is not possible to reverse diabetes in all cases. That being said, it is always possible to keep the condition under control by following the right combination of diet, exercises and medications.