We know that all the various courses and programmes are designed for the students to teach them new knowledge and skills, including the school education that students obtain from kindergarten to the high-school. But how do we know that students are learning everything which is being taught to them by the teachers in class or on the online teaching app; you will say simple, by testing them. Well, you are partially correct, because exams and tests are the methods to test students, but they only test their theoretical knowledge. However, the students don’t just have to show their theoretical knowledge but also have to achieve the “learning outcome” of the particular course or program.
Now, here is the term which we are going to discuss “learning outcomes”, what is it? And why is it so important? We will go through all the points in the article. So keep reading.
WhatAres Learning Outcomes?
Learning outcomes are the statements that state what students “will know”, and “will be able to perform or demonstrate” after the completion of the course or program. It means the knowledge, skills and ability that are observable, measurable and can be demonstrated should be shown by the students after they practice or complete any course or program they are enrolled in.
Learning outcomes are important in education, because:
- Learning outcomes show the academic success of students.
- It sets expectations for students that they need to meet.
- Instruction for teachers on what to teach and how to teach, for successful learning of students.
- It is also the method of assessment for the institution and the course.
- For the framework construction of the course, like, activities and assessments.
Now that we know what learning outcomes are and their importance, let’s know how the learning outcomes of the students can be improved.
Adaptive Teaching Methodologies: A student can learn best when they are taught in the best manner, teachers and their teaching methodologies play a crucial role in the learning outcomes of the students. Teachers must observe the behaviour, understanding and learning patterns of the learners, and then modify their teaching methods according to that. For example, while teaching and training B.Ed students, the professors can’t treat them as middle-school students. That’s why they have to use methods like case studies and practical learning.
Set Expectations: Students can only achieve the learning outcomes of their course and program when they are aware of what they are expected to do. Teachers must communicate and inform students about the expectations set for them throughout the teaching of the course. And when students know that they have certain skills to learn, deadlines to meet and attitudes to display; they will pay attention in class to learn all the necessary skills, knowledge and behaviour.
Switching-Up The Roles: Imagine this situation, students are sitting silently in the classroom and the teacher is standing in front of the class; and he or she has been speaking and explaining the chapters and concepts continuously for the past 30 minutes, but the students are just listening and not responding in any way. Looks familiar, right, it is the typical situation of every classroom but it needs to change. Teachers take a break, and let students do some self-learning; instead of just listening let students speak. Ask questions from students, do probing questions, and let them explain various topics instead of just teaching them; this will open up their minds and personality and make them active learners.
Keep The Spirits High: Students can only learn when they want to learn, and it can only happen when they feel motivated enough to ask questions and be curious to learn new things. Teachers can make sure this happens by appreciating students and their efforts; recognizing efforts of students, praising them by giving certificates for notable work or medals for participation in competitions, and activities and performing extra-ordinarily in academics.
Use The Technology: Today technology and education go hand-in-hand, so teachers make the best use of technology to engage, interact and improve students. Use tools like the app to teach online, whiteboards, simulation games and Google form to teach and test students.